In the recent tactile graphics series, preschool and early elementary worksheets have been used to teach common concepts. These worksheets can be easily converted into accessible activities to teach the gen ed concepts and to teach critical tactile graphic skills to young students who are blind or low vision. This post, Part 8 in the series, will focus on "same" and "different" concepts.
Creating the Graphics
In previous posts, students have been introduced to various tactile graphics of shapes and animals. When introducing a new concept, such as "same" and "different", initially use shapes or animals that the student is familiar with before introducing new shapes, animals, objects or characters. (For simplicity in this post, I will use "shapes and animals" but other characters and objects can be used.)
Initially, create your own content for the same and different worksheets using shapes/animals that the student is familiar with, versus modifying a gen ed content with unfamiliar images. Using unfamiliar images makes the activity more challenging as students may become frustrated or lost when they are not able to quickly identify the image.
When using the GoodNotes app on the iPad to create your images, use the Lasso tool to copy, resize, and move your images. (Note: Similar drawing apps will also have the Lasso tool.) Steps:
- Create one square.
- Tap the Lasso tool button.
- Circle the square (dotted line will appear when drawing when the Lasso tool is selected).
- Tap inside the Lasso's dotted line to open the options.
- Select Copy.
- Tap and hold in the desired location and the options Zoom or Paste appear.
- Select Paste.
To resize the image, repeat the Lasso tool steps except select Resize instead of Copy. Use the arrows in the corner of the image to resize the image.
Note: Braille directions were not added to these worksheets, as you can use the worksheets for several different types of activities. If desired, you can add braille. (See previous post about adding sim braille).
Size of Images
It is important to determine what size image your student is most efficient with. Larger images require less fine motor skills but typically take more time to trace and might be harder for the student to remember what he has traced. Smaller images are faster to trace, but may require more fine motor skills for young students. Preschoolers typically scribble and color using large hand movements; as their fine motor skills development, they have more control and are able to trace smaller lines. Tracing tactile graphics is typically easier than holding a crayon or pencil and drawing; however, be aware of development stages and what your student is currently able to do!
Same and Different Activities
- Familiarization with shapes (or animals) using real objects
- Ability to identify and distinguish tactile shapes (or animals)
- Ability to systematically scan and locate images on the page
Students can simply find and tell the teacher which shape is the same (or different). Ideally, students will be able to use a crayon to mark the image on the page. The ability to mark an answer with a crayon is a critical skill that visually impaired students need to learn, especially when taking tests/assessments. Use a crayon to mark the desired image, as the crayon leaves a texture so the student knows what he/she has marked. Being able to independently show his/her work (complete the activity independently) is a huge step for independence for a preschooler! Ask the student to underline the desired shape.
The following worksheets are examples of different same and different shape worksheets, with progressive levels. Download these worksheets and/or use them as examples to create additional worksheets.
The image below has four shapes (3 squares and a triangle). This worksheet could be used to "find the shapes that are the same" (the student underlines the three squares) or to "find the shape that is different".
Download the 3 Squares and a Triangle worksheet.
Here is a similar same and different worksheet with animals (3 ducks and 1 cow).
Download the Same and Different Ducks worksheet.
The next worksheet has 6 shapes with 3 squares and 3 circles. Give the student a circle (or square) and ask the student to find all the same shapes.
Directions for this worksheet might be to "find the circles" or "find the squares". If the student is working on counting, ask the student to "find 2 squares"
Download the 3 circles and 3 squares worksheet.
The next worksheet has 3 rows of solid shapes. The first shape in the row is the given shape - students are asked to "find the same shape" as the given shape or to "find the different shape" compared to the given shape.
Note: Some students might need a vertical line to help separate between the given shape and the possible answer shapes.
Download the Same/Different in a Row worksheet.
The next worksheets is a "matching" worksheet; in order to match, students have to determine which shapes are the same. With this worksheet, the student should match the shape in the left column to the shape in the right column. The student should draw a line from the shape in the left column to the shape in the right column. Note: After completing the worksheet, the student can feel the crayon lines but it may be challenging to follow the crayon line if it intersects with another crayon line.
Download the Matching Shapes worksheet.
- Creating Digital Images for Tactile Graphics Machines, Part 1
- Creating Digital Images Part 2: Braille Tips
- Creating Digital Images Part 2A: Braille Font and GoodNotes App (How to add Sim braille to you iPad and GoodNotes app!)
- Creating Tactile Images Part 3: Tips for Embossing
- Creating Tactile Graphics Images Part 4: Maze Worksheets
- Creating Tactile Graphics Images Part 5: Shapes
- Creating Tactile Graphics Images Part 6: Characters and Counting
- Creating Tactile Graphics Images Part 7: Color the Picture Worksheet
- Creating Tactile Graphic Machine Images with Word: Cycle Chart post
- Tactile Graphic Tools post