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Assessing vision as part of an early intervention program for infants and children who have additional or multiple disabilities and visual impairment (MDVI).

Source: Scottish Sensory Centre

Doris Willoughby offers specific ideas for the assessment of children with a visual impairment, including adaptations of existing instruments, as well as observation of the child in activities of daily living.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Download the complete text of this resource by Chapters in Word or PDF. Chapter 12 is specific to Blindness and Low Vision.

Source: WATI (Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative)

Find out the purpose of assessments and learn more about some of the different types.

Source: FamilyConnect

A 73-page handbook on the assessment of functional vision; includes advice on low vision training. Link also includes access to book 1, covering screening for impaired vision. 

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

This page presents a brief overview of vision-related and developmental assessments.

Source: FamilyConnect

Guidelines for offering practical assistance to people who are blind or visually impaired, including etiquette tips and sighted guide techniques. Available as a PDF.

Source: Community Eye Health Journal

The Perkins Assistive Device Center is a workshop that creates customized materials for children with disabilities. Custom-made items meet the unique needs of individuals while being affordable, durable and attractive.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind

Begin your understanding of assistive technology with this overview of the tools and devices used by the visually impaired to assist their daily activities, and then browse resources and activities on topics such as 3D printing, apps, coding, iPads and tablets, and screen readers.

Source: Paths to Literacy

This section of the Teaching Visually Impaired website includes an Overview of Assistive Technology (AT); Types of VI AT; AT Instruction; Apps for VI; Braillewriter Repair; AT Resources; and Vendors.

Source: Teaching Visually Impaired

Looking for a template for assessing students with visual impairments? TSBVI provides an example for download, which can be modified as needed. Includes assessment of accessing and producing written communication, physical requirements for computer use, and recommendations.  Other templates are available in PDF and RTF form for the major types and brands of assistive technology for users who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This 10-page document defines commonly used terminology associated with assistive technology.

Source: Georgia Project for Assistive Technology

A self-paced online course for teams assessing the assistive technology needs of students with visual impairment. Includes videos to demonstrate assessment techniques and student interaction with the potential equipment..

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

A brief overview of some of the primary types of assistive technology for people with visual impairments, including Screen-Reading Software, Magnification Software, Dictation Software, Refreshable Braille Displays, Optical Character Recognition (OCR) Systems, Video Magnifiers or Closed-Circuit Televisions (CCTVs), and Portable Magnifiers.

Source: Mobility International USA

Explore information designed for parents and family members on a range of assistive technology topics, including Accessing Printed Information; Accessing Electronic Information; Tools for Writing; Taking Care of Assistive Devices; Students Using Technology; and Kitchen Appliance Accessibility.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

These guidelines for Michigan teachers are useful for any educator whose student needs instruction in assistive technology. Includes downloadable checklists in Word and PDF format.

Source: Michigan Department of Education

ATIA is a not-for-profit membership organization of manufacturers, sellers and providers of assistive technology devices and/or services.

ADP lists television programs by network, and gives instructions for enabling the service on home TVs.

Source: The Audio Description Project

The charts in this 6-page document by Marilyn and Jay Gense compare typical development, development of children who are blind or visually impaired, and children who have autism as well as visual impairments. The charts focus on communication, social interactions, patterns of behavior, and responses to sensory information.

Source: New Mexico School for the Blind and Visually Impaired