Visual Impairment and Blindness Resources

These resources cover the basics of visual impairment and blindness, covering the causes, as well as definitions of professional and medical terminology, descriptions of vision examination procedures, simulations, statistics, and recommendations for protecting the eyes and vision. This section also includes information on support groups for parents, families, and consumers, along with advice for environmental adaptations and tips for living with blindness and visual impairment.

For educational resources, please visit the sections grouped under Teaching Resources.

A description of what a typical baby sees in the first two years of life.

Source: American Optometric Association

This handbook by Dr. Virginia E. Bishop helps families and educators understand the importance of early identification, and how visual impairments may impede development if appropriate intervention is not provided.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Millie Smith discusses the impact of current federal legislation on the development of IEPs for students with severe disabilities,” and examines research-based instructional strategies.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

The Paths to Literacy Project gathers strategies shared by professionals in the field. This resource bank is specific to the mathematics curriculum.

Source: Paths to Literacy

The status of inclusive education in China, including some of its major challenges and suggestions for the future.

Source: International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

Conducts research and public education programs to improve eye health and eliminate avoidable blindness, with a focus on low income populations.

A comprehensive source of up-to-date news and information about glaucoma.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy and links to additional resources

Source: VisionAware

This article provides suggestions to consider when approaching toilet training with a child who has a visual impairment.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Statistics on blindness and visual impairment in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland)

Source: Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB)

Tips for parents to promote safety in the kitchen with children who have a visual impairment, hearing loss or mobility challenges.

Source: Home Advice Guide

Find out about some common concerns in the language development of young children with visual impairments and learn what you can do to help.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Dr. Lea Hyvärinen, a Finnish ophthalmologist, shares information and resources on of pediatric vision tests and tests for assessment of visual capabilities in occupational health services and in assessment of low vision.  Available in multiple languages.

Includes video demonstrations, infant vision, lectures on assessment of functional vision, information for parents, assement of vision and hearing of individuals who are deafblind, and testing the vision of a child with Down Syndrome.

Leader Dog Summer Experience Camp
Rochester Hills, Michigan
Camp experience for 16-17 year-old students in Rochester Hills, Michigan
Full outdoor adventure camp experience, including living and working with an assigned Leader Dog. 
Maximum 20 participants, private rooms, camp and air travel expenses are paid. (apply online by April 1)
Source: Leader Dog

The main causes of blindness and visual disabilities worldwide, many of which are preventable. Downloads as a pdf. 

Source: Department of Ophthalmology, Algemeen Ziekenhuis, Sint-Jozef, Turnhout, Belgium

Future Reflections (2003.

Penny Leigh describes the Multisensory Space Science Kit, developed by South Carolina School of the Deaf and the Blind and NASA. She describes adaptations to teach the proximity between planets, an Alphabet of Space, and a tactile map of the solar system.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Ideas for making cooking accessible accompanied by a simple recipe and a video of a brother and sister (both visually impaired) making cookies independently.

Source: Wonder Baby

Leber’s Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) is a rare, hereditary disorder that leads to retinal dysfunction and visual impairment at an early age – often from birth. Of all the retinal degenerations, LCA has the earliest age of onset and can be the most severe. 

Source: Foundation Fighting Blindness

Information and resources for people living with blindness or visual impairments.

Source: Lighthouse Guild

Information, resources, and factsheets for people living with blindness or visual impairments, and the professionals who work with them.