Early Childhood Resources

Because a great deal of an infant's learning is through the visual mode, it's important to understand the effect of visual impairment on child development. Find out what types of intervention are most effective during these crucial formative years. Materials for older students can be found under the appropriate categories.

A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (2012)  outlines a broad set of expectations for students in science and engineering in grades K-12.  While not specific to students with visual impairments, this book identifies three dimensions that convey the core ideas and practices around which science and engineering education in these grades should be built:

  1. crosscutting concepts that unify the study of science through their common application across science and engineering
  2. scientific and engineering practices
  3. disciplinary core ideas in the physical sciences, life sciences, and earth and space sciences and for engineering, technology, and the applications of science

Functional Vision Screening Tool and Functional Hearing Screening Tool in English and Spanish

Source: Illinois School for the Deaf

The focus here is safety, with specific suggestions for when a child starts to move around independently.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

SOFIA, which is a jumbo jet fitted with an infrared telescope, recently flew through the "central flash" of Pluto.  This is the area where researchers can get the most complete sense of Pluto’s skies and record how much of Pluto’s atmosphere absorbed the starlight.  

TVI Jeff Killebrew recently flew on SOFIA and has been sharing his experiences with students and teachers.

Read the full article at:  https://www.sciencenews.org/article/120-seconds-plutos-shadow


The 21st CCVAA is a long and complex document. You may find answers to most of your questions in this summary.

Source: Federal Communications Commission

Archived Hubble Hangout video on 3D printing and technology in astronomy education and research.  The 3D Astronomy Project at the Space Telescope Science Institute and NASA Goddard have created innovative education materials and 3D models of astronomical objects using #Hubble data.

Tony Darnell, Dr. Carol Christian and Scott Lewis discuss how 3D printing is being used in both education and research, as well as helping students and researchers who are visually impaired.

Lauren Lieberman shares her top 5 tips for including students who are blind or visually impaired in physical education classes.  Includes links to resources and related articles.

Source: Shape America

Find tips to help you sort through why your child is displaying self-injurious behaviors and how you can help them stop.

Source: WonderBaby

This guide describes 28 of the most common birds in North America, with a recording of their voices; includes a listing of different habitats and the birds common to each.

Source: Natural History Education, Science, Technology

A look at educational settings, curriculum, and some of the challenges in educating children with visual impairments

Source: National Federation of the Blind

A checklist of safety tips for lighting, furniture, elimination of hazards, use of color contrast, and safety in hallways and stairways.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

Many people with visual impairments also have undiagnosed autism characteristics. Nancy Duncan discusses the importance of identifying and delivering appropriate rehabilitation services for individuals.

Source: VisionAware

Ardis Bazyn and Sheila Styron share advice, from the student's perspective, on how to make college a successful experience. They cover a range of topics, including Choosing the Right College or University, Using Disabled Student Services, Knowing the Laws that Affect You, Training and Recruiting Readers and Drivers, Working your guide dog on campus, Auxiliary Aids and Services for Students with Disabilities, and Contacting Advocacy Organizations of the Blind and Visually Impaired.

Source: American Council of the Blind

This site provides a good overview on the effect of visual impairments on learning, types of assistive technology, and the kinds of accommodations provided at colleges. Includes a list of scholarships and grants.

Source: Affordable Colleges Online

A useful guide through the alphabet soup of educational terms and abbreviations. (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

Source: Community Crossroads NH

Treasure Baskets are collections of real objects that encourage a child to explore different sensory characteristics. This article offers suggestions of items to include in the baskets and discusses some of the educational benefits for young children.

Source: Nursery World

This 185-page guide addresses the importance of self-determination, student involvement in the transition process, instruction and assessment, and much more (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).

Source: Council for Exceptional Children

This 19-page document includes information about Assistive Technology for the following areas: Reading; Writing; Math;  Social Studies and Science; Computer Access; Orientation and Mobility; Art, Music and Physical Education; Resources, Vendors, and Terms.

Source: A Resource Guide to Assistive Technology for Students with Visual ImpairmentLisa R. Tebo, M.Ed., OTR/L, ATP

Contributing author and copy editor Danika Taylor addresses the history of the rehabilitation movement in this article from 2005's Braille Monitor.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Written by an Occupational Therapist (OT), this 80-page document includes an overview of CVI, and information on the evaluation and education of children with CVI.