Teaching Resources

Future Reflections (1985)

This checklist prepared by Nebraska Advocacy Services contains both the legal requirements that define the IEP process and some common sense issues that parents may wish to consider during the IEP preparation and meetings. A later (1995) version prepared by Maryland Disability Law Center is linked here.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Link here to a text transcript of a slide presentation by Karen Blankenship and Mary Ann Siller. Download of the original PowerPoint presentation is also available.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

Motor and cognitive skills essential to literacy are presented in a grid that shows how they interrelate and support a child's development (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).

Source: Paths to Literacy

This page offers suggestions for helping young children develop greater independence in all areas of daily living, including mobility, toileting, eating, dressing and undressing.

Source: Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB)

In this presentation Peg Palmer describes her approach to environmental adaptations for children who are blind. Peg is a teacher for the Board of Education and Services for the Blind in Connecticut. 

Source: Paths to Literacy

In this video webcast, Dr. Karen Blankenship discusses the importance of using a combination of assessments: Functional Vision Assessment (FVA), Learning Media Assessment (LMA) and the Expanded Core Curriculum when assessing students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins eLearning

Explains Expanded Core concepts from a parent's point of view, with additional advice from experts on individual ECC areas. Also available in Spanish.

Source: FamilyConnect

This 5-page position paper (Word doc) by Rosanne Silberman and Sharon Sacks outlines the competencies for teachers of students with visual impairments, and the additional skills necessary when children have other disabilities.

Source: Council for Exceptional Children – Division on Visual Impairments (DVI)

Future Reflections (2005) – National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Leslie Seid Margolis provides an overview of extended school year (ESY) services, including federal law and policies, eligibility criteria, building a case for ESY, due process challenges to denial of ESY services, and practical issues.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

A wealth of information about eye diseases and conditions, including links to many resources.

Source: New York Institute for Special Education

Understanding the many risks to our eyes at home and in the garden.

Source: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Tips for preventing eye injury on the job.

Source: American Academy of Ophthalmology

Covers a wide range of topics: eye safety, occupational eye injury statistics, health hazard evaluations and fatality reports, and links to safety publications and other resources.

Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding specific visual conditions are composed and periodically reviewed by pediatric ophthalmologists and certified orthoptists from the Public Information Committee of AAPOS. For questions or suggestions regarding FAQs please contact us. Some terms are available in English, Chinese, and Spanish.

Source: American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS)

Provides information about eye disease and care, free educational materials; facilitates access to medical eye care.

Interesting features and practical advice on vision care, eye conditions and treatment, glasses, and lenses.

DVI's position paper asserts the need for "appropriate assessment, instruction, and adaptations" and sets guidelines for providing an appropriate education program for students with low vision.

Source: Council for Exceptional Children-Division on Visual Impairments (CECDVI)

Fact sheets on all aspects of deafblindness, including communication, routines, the importance of touch, and more.

Source: California Deaf-Blind Services (CDBS)

This two-page fact sheet provides parents with a basic introduction to IEP goals and objectives, including some specific examples. This link takes you to a reprint of this information in Future Reflections.

Source: Families and Advocates Partnership for Education (FAPE)