Physical Education Resources

The resources in this section provide an introduction to the importance of physical education, fitness, and exercise to the well-being of people with visual impairments. It also includes ideas for adaptive physical education and strategies to encourage students who are blind or visually impaired to increase participation in gym class.

General tips for participating in sports as a blind or visually impaired athlete. 

Source: Vision Aware

This 20 minute video can serve your staff training needs for topics in physical education and visual impairments, by addressing eye conditions, human guide techniques, guide-running techniques, pre-teaching, specific instructional strategies, infusion of Expanded Core Curriculum concepts, safety, and variables related to choice making and self-determination.

Source: Perkins eLearning Tutorial

Modifications include equipment, general suggestions for team sports, and strategies for a long list of specific sports.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Donovan Tildesley discusses some of the challenges that swimmers who are blind must face, including pool space, coaching methods, and availability of tappers.

Source: Future Reflections, 24(2), 2005 National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Wanda L. Ritter discusses some of the benefits of horseback riding for children who are blind or visually impaired.  She includes questions to ask when choosing a riding program.

Source: Future Reflections, 19(1), 2000 National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

USABA provides a list of competition-approved adaptations for many sports, including gymnastics, cycling, swimming, skiing, track & field, and distance running.

Source: US Association of Blind Athletes (USABA)

Video clips provide an introduction to the sport, including the history, the role of the coach, and rules. There are many additional links to articles and related resources.

Source: United States Blind Golfers Association