General Teaching Tips Resources

These resources for teachers offer advice, professional supports, and explanation of team roles and responsibilities in the education of students who are blind or visually impaired.

Dr. Stephanie MacFarland, who specializes in training teachers of students with multiple disabilities, outlines van Dijk's learning theory for children who are deafblind.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness

This article explains how to organize the path to developmental milestones as simple, teachable steps.


Brazilian trainers share their expertise in “Professionals and Parents--Partners in Habilitation and Rehabilitation of Visually Impaired Children: A Successful Experience”; in Portuguese.

Source: International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

In a 90-minute recorded webinar, Dr. Lauren Lieberman discusses helping individuals who are deafblind to develop an interest in recreational activities. She offers suggestions on individualizing one's approach, researching communication patterns, developing a plan, and maintaining interest.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

Part of the Perkins Webinar series, this presentation provides an overview of the "5-E format" of an inquiry lesson, and discusses recent research on inquiry-based education for students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This video clip from WSSB shows Greg Williams, Ph.D., from Independence Science discusses how to safely organize and set up a laboratory bench for students who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: Washington State School for the Blind

Geerat J. Vermeij, a blind marine biologist who teaches at the University of California at Davis, discusses what a blind person needs in order to succeed in science.

Source: Braille Monitor (2004) National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

A recording of Faye Gonzalez's 2014 presentation on integrating sensory and literacy activities to improve communication skills. Continuing Education credits may be purchased, but the content is freely available.

Source: Perkins eLearning Webinar

This interactive training module presents the challenge of what to do to accommodate a student with a visual impairment in one’s classroom.  It is made up of five components: a Challenge (realistic scenario), Initial Thoughts (first response to the scenario), Perspectives and Resources (nuggets of information), Assessment (a self-evaluation tool), and Wrap up (summary of the information).

Source: The IRIS Center, Vanderbilt University

Handwriting tips, techniques, and adaptations, as well as information about helpful products.

Source: VisionAware

This webpage offers guidelines for determining the best intervention for sleep disorders; includes links to related resources and articles.

Source: Utah Collaborative Medical Home Project

This guide focuses on the development of student portfolios to document "accomplishments, needed adaptations, modifications, and accommodations, including transition to the next environment or postsecondary environments." Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Source: Kansas State Board of Education

This article includes general facts regarding braille students, as well as classroom considerations.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Sheryl Burgstahler examines some of the specific challenges that students with disabilities face in both gaining and demonstrating knowledge. She lists accommodation suggestions for students with visual impairments.

Source: University of Washington

This free webcast with Susan Osterhaus discusses the importance of the Nemeth Code, producing accessible math materials, applying a multi-sensory approach and universal design to math instruction, technology tools for students who are blind and visually impaired, helpful teaching aids for students and teachers, and issues and challenges with standardized testing.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This section of the TSBVI website, created by Susan Osterhaus, is one of the most comprehensive online resources on math education for students who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This article describes the Purdue's VISIONS Lab, (Visually Impaired Students Initiative on Science), which is a research laboratory dedicated to providing access to the numerous science courses at the university.

Source: Information Technology and Disabilities Journal, 3 (4) 1996

This 100-page resource guide offers suggestions and resources to help provide successful school experiences for students who are blind or visually impaired. (2003)

Source: Alberta Education – Special Education Branch.

Educator Gigi Newton tells a personal story of how she moved from rejecting Lilli Nielsen's Active Learning Theory to becoming a self-described "groupie" of her methods.

Source: Future Reflections, 2012, National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

The Audio Description Project is an initiative of the American Council of the Blind.

It provides a wealth of information on how to access audio described video as well as a comprehensive list of movies available with audio description.

The site also provides an on-line discussion and Facebook or Twitter access.