Best Practices Resources

These resources collect material on best practices for teachers and other professionals who work with students who are visually impaired or who have multiple disabilities.

This 42-page PDF manual is excellent for families, administrators, and general education teachers who need to understand how educational services are delivered to students with visual impairments 

Source: Virginia Department of Education

This handbook presents a step-by-step process for creating an accessible arts program for people with visual impairments. Each module contains an overview, practical considerations, agendas, checklists, troubleshooting tips and funding strategies.

Source: Art Beyond Sight Collaborative

This is a step-by-step guide to a technique to help your baby sleep independently for longer periods of time.


This article explores five reasons why a baby might not sleep. Some of these problems are experienced by all babies, some are specific to blind babies. Each sleep problem is accompanied by a sleep solution.


Authored by Kay L. Clarke of the Ohio Center for Deafblind Education, this downloadable booklet includes detailed instructions for creating structures for safe and independent play.

Source: Ohio Center for Deafblind Education

This article by DeAnn Hyatt-Foley offers a brief overview of the three components of the IEP: evaluation, curriculum, and placement. It includes a checklist for parents of information that should be written in the IEP document; available in Spanish.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

In this two-page fact sheet, parents learn what they can do before, during, and after the IEP team meeting, with real life examples. Available in Spanish, Hmong, Somali.

Source: Center for Parent Information and Resources

This checklist is "a tool to help parents who want to make sure that their child receives the special education and related services listed in their IEP."

Source: National Organization of Parents of Blind Children (NOPBC)

Future Reflections (1997)

This article by Doris M. Willoughby contains IEP Goals and Objectives for Self-Advocacy for three age groups, from preschool through twelfth grade. It also includes recommendations made by the National Organization of Parents of Blind Children and the National Federation of the Blind regarding the provisions and proposed rules which impact blind and visually impaired children.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This article includes sections on learning table skills, helping to prepare simple snacks and meals, and tips for good kitchen habits.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Independence Science provides talking and sensory products to increase accessibility in the science lab. This is a robust website of technological and tactile solutions or experimentation and modeling.

Millie Smith discusses the impact of current federal legislation on the development of IEPs for students with severe disabilities,” and examines research-based instructional strategies.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

The Paths to Literacy Project gathers strategies shared by professionals in the field. This resource bank is specific to the mathematics curriculum.

Source: Paths to Literacy

The purpose of ICEB is "to coordinate and improve standards for braille usage for all English-speaking users of braille." One of their key initiatives is Unified English Braille.

This peer-reviewed journal that explores issues and contributes new knowledge to the field of Orientation & Mobility (O&M) (including Guide Dog Mobility).

Cyral Miller “provides families with some guidelines to help assess if the IEP is meeting the vision-related needs of a child with a visual impairment”; available in Spanish.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This article provides suggestions to consider when approaching toilet training with a child who has a visual impairment.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

The American Foundation of the Blind (AFB) has released their Flatten Inaccessibility report, an examination of the systemic issues and challenges related to COVID-19 on adults with visual impairments in the United States. 

AFB invites you to download and share the report, and to join the national conversation about ways to further flatten the inaccessibility curve for adults and families living with visual impairment and blindness.


cover image Flatten Accessibility report


Join the next Town Hall, November 10, 2020, 2:00-3:00 PM eastern, on the Topic of Education Across the Lifespan, with panelists

Dr. L. Penny Rosenblum, AFB, Director of Research

Dr. Tina S. Herzberg, University of South Carolina Upstate, Professor

Dr. Tiffany Wild, The Ohio State University, Associate Professor


Register to attend


This Town Hall is provided by AFB with financial support from JPMorgan Chase & Co. and the James H. and Alice Teubert Charitable Trust . Questions about the Town hall should be directed to AFB .

Source: American Foundation of the Blind

Tips for parents to promote safety in the kitchen with children who have a visual impairment, hearing loss or mobility challenges.

Source: Home Advice Guide

Ideas for making cooking accessible accompanied by a simple recipe and a video of a brother and sister (both visually impaired) making cookies independently.

Source: Wonder Baby