Young Children with Additional Disabilities

Children with multiple disabilities need intensive early intervention to stimulate their development. This section presents strategies and activities that help such children develop communication methods, tactile skills, and the concepts that are the foundation for further learning and development.
 
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness
Peggy Freeman's comprehensive program of care for parents of babies who are deafblind  with multiple disabilities includes sections on relationships, routines, vision, touch and touching, development of communication, moving/being moved, play, and signing.  Each section offers numerous concrete suggestions for activities to enjoy with your child.
 
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness
Deborah Gleason offers parents a wealth of ideas on making a child's world safe and understandable. Also available in Spanish, and downloadable in Indonesian.
 
California State University
In this article, Rita Snell explains how important gross motor skills are in an infant's development. She discusses environmental adaptations and interactions that will encourage these skills in an infant who has multiple disabilities, increasing the likelihood that typical movement patterns will develop.
 
California Deaf-Blind Services
This 6-page article by Deborah Chen outlines specific strategies for developing communication, including observation, making use of the child's available senses, the use of cues, key word signs, interrupted routine strategy, and criteria for the selection of the child's first signs (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).
 
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
This section of Dr. Virginia Bishop's guide, Infants and Toddlers with Visual Impairments, offers an overview of young children with multiple disabilities.
 
Project SALUTE
This article by Jill Brody discusses the role of occupational therapists, definitions, and intervention strategies for working with young children with visual impairments and additional disabilities.
 
Minnesota DeafBlind Technical Assistance Project
Written by parents raising children with combined hearing and vision losses, this manual is a "road map" for other parents in the same situation.
 

Research: Additional Disabilities

Deaf-Blind Perspectives
This article describes Project PLAI (Promoting Learning through Active Interaction), the goal of which was to develop resource materials that early intervention programs could use to teach families how to promote their infants' communication development (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).
 

Web-Based Organizations and Internet Resources: Additional Disabilities

National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
NCDB offers links to articles and other publications on the topic of babies and infants with deafblindness.
 
Perkins School for the Blind
In this webcast, Perkins School psychologist Pam Ryan outlines the features of CHARGE Syndrome and discusses how they affect a child’s learning and development.
 
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness
NCDB offers a wide range of information on the topic of early intervention, including their own products, as well as links to articles and other publications, bibliographies, Internet resources, and research.
 
Innovations
This website is for early intervention service providers. It provides information about resources for working with infants who have multiple disabilities and their families.
 
FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
This section of the Family Connect site is a gold mine for parents and other family members who are looking for information and resources on children who have additional disabilities.
 
This website is a resource on tactile learning strategies for working with children who are deafblind or who are blind with additional disabilities.