Visual Impairment and Blindness Resources

These resources cover the basics of visual impairment and blindness, covering the causes, as well as definitions of professional and medical terminology, descriptions of vision examination procedures, simulations, statistics, and recommendations for protecting the eyes and vision. This section also includes information on support groups for parents, families, and consumers, along with advice for environmental adaptations and tips for living with blindness and visual impairment.

For educational resources, please visit the sections grouped under Teaching Resources.

The collection of fact sheets on this site contains information on six common visual diagnoses, as well as information on eye specialists and vision assessments.

Source: Blind Babies Foundation

This site provides information on common eye conditions, links to additional resources, and a listing of publications available to order.

Information about blindness, education and development, independent movement and travel, sports, games, and leisure activities can be found on this site.

This site provides basic information about the sport, and includes links to numerous articles on the general topic of sports and people who are blind or visually impaired.
 

Source: Blind Judo Foundation

This site features two newspaper articles about "small but significant breakthroughs" in science education for students who are blind: Camp Eureka, a natural history camp in Montana; and a dissection class at Colorado Center for the Blind.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This page explains the basics of tandem bike racing and includes related links.

Source: TSBVI

Pat Munson, a longtime leader of the NFB, describes her life as a gardener. 

Source: NFB/Braille Monitor, February 2006

Links to fact sheets, publications, and related information.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

This link takes you directly to Chapter 30 of David Werner’s book, Disabled Village Children. with information about development, mobility, education, work, and social life, as well as vision, eye health, and prevention of blindness; also available in Spanish.

Source: Hesperian Foundation

Resources on various topics and services for individuals with vision impairment, legal blindness or deaf/blindness and intellectual disability.

Source: Commonwealth of Massachusetts

"...[D]escribes the variety of state infrastructures and programs ... that serve children and youth who are blind or visually impaired. Information was collected through a brief survey distributed to all state education agencies...."  Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Source: National Association of State Director of Special Education, Inc. (NASDSE)

Statistics are drawn from AFB and U.S. government sources, and organized by age, ethnicity, geography, and more.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Download this outline of the WBU’s comprehensive plan for the socio-economic integration of people with blindness, including a strategy for poverty reduction. From the General documents page, click the title Blindness, Poverty, and Development from the Development committee.

Source: World Blind Union (WBU)

"BANA's purpose is to promote and to facilitate the use, teaching and production of braille." It publishes codes, rules, interpretations, and opinions about braille, most of which can be downloaded from the site.

Source: Braille Authority of North America (BANA)

Downloadable manual for 1.0 (2012)

The braille section of the Paths to Literacy site offers an overview, instructional strategies, pre-braille, tactile graphics, technology for braille readers, sources of print/braille books, tools for writing braille, braille production, and brailler repair. Users may post content, and there is also a forum for questions and answers related to braille literacy.

Source: Paths to Literacy

This free, self-paced online course provides literacy teaching techniques and an understanding of the issues faced by adults with visual impairment and low literacy skills.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

This free, self-paced online course provides literacy teaching techniques and an understanding of the issues faced by adults with visual impairment and low literacy skills.

 

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

Helping your child with visual impairments under how nonverbal behavior and body language contribute to communication.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

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