Visual Impairment and Blindness Resources

These resources cover the basics of visual impairment and blindness, covering the causes, as well as definitions of professional and medical terminology, descriptions of vision examination procedures, simulations, statistics, and recommendations for protecting the eyes and vision. This section also includes information on support groups for parents, families, and consumers, along with advice for environmental adaptations and tips for living with blindness and visual impairment.

For educational resources, please visit the sections grouped under Teaching Resources.

AFB maintains an online directory of services for families and professionals who work with people who are blind or visually impaired. The Directory can be searched by type of service or by state or province (in United States and Canada).

Source: American Foundation for the Blind

AHA promotes therapeutic riding as a "treatment strategy … for people living with disabilities. Hippotherapy has been shown to improve muscle tone, balance, posture, coordination, motor development as well as emotional well-being."

Source: American Hippotherapy Association (AHA)

Basic description of nystagmus, FAQs, information for parents of school-age children with the condition.

The American Printing House for the Blind is the world's largest producer of books and products for people who are blind or visually impaired. Founded in 1858, APH is the official supplier of educational materials for visually impaired K-12 students in the U.S.

Source: American Printing House for the Blind

Based on data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP); includes information on visual impairment.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

Dr. Jan van Dijk describes his educational approach, including the topics of attachment and the development of communication.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness

Peruvian teachers describe the history of inclusive education in their country and identify some of its challenges.

A good explanation of the types of cataracts and their effects on vision.

Source: VisionAware

Stacy Shafer outlines some of Dr. Lilli Nielsen's recommendations for designing a learning environment for a child with visual impairments and multiple disabilities.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Stacy Shafer outlines some of Dr. Lilli Nielsen's recommendations for designing a learning environment for a child with visual impairments and multiple disabilities.

Source: Future Reflections, 2005, National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

An interactive animated dictionary illustrating the workings of the human eye.

Source: LensShopper

Describes the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human eye; includes graphics, photos, and information about medications.

Source: Ted M. Montgomery, O.D.

A listing of accessibility features on Android-compatible smartphones, with Settings information for customizing a device.

APH maintains program statistics on children with visual impairments, including types of schools/programs in which they are educated, and their preferred learning medium (braille, print, auditory).

Source: American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

APH maintains program statistics on children with visual impairments, including types of schools/programs in which they are educated, and their preferred learning medium (braille, print, auditory).

Source: American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

The APH report was conducted in 2005-2006 to analyze mathematics research and studies that meet the criteria for evidence-based practice.

Source: American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

Apple features the assistive technology built into its products as standard features — at no additional cost. For more information, visit the AppleVis website for blind and low-vision users of Apple's range of Mac computers, the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch.

Source: Apple

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