Orientation and Mobility Resources

These sites explain the techniques, general importance, and necessity of Orientation and Mobility (O&M) training for people who are blind or visually impaired. The resources here cover the importance of O&M training, services and resources, specific skills, and how to assist someone who is blind or visually impaired if they need help.

AFB’s advice helps seniors travel and enjoy community resources safely and confidently.

Source: VisionAware

Fredric Schroeder's article, from the Future Reflections special issue on Cane Travel and Independence, explains the similarities and differences between adult cane training and training for children.

Source: Future Reflections, 2008, National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This series of videos provides information on how to use the “sighted guide technique” to guide someone with vision loss while working, as well as how to offer assistance in various situations.  Videos include: Step 1: Introduction to Sighted Guide; Step 2: Basic Sighted Guide Techniques; Step 3: Going Through Doors; Step 4: Seating; Step-by-Step: Other Useful Guiding Tips; Step-by-Step: Safety; Step-by-Step: Additional Guiding Tips.

Source: CNIB

Newly updated in 2012, the 4-part TAPS curriculum can be purchased through TSBVI on their website, linked above. Comprehensive Initial and Ongoing Evaluation is sold separately.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Traditional Orientation and Mobility assessments for children may not take into account hearing loss and deafness.  Tanni Anthony describes a Transdisciplinary Play-Based model for children who are deafblind which can more thoroughly assess developmental milestones.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

In 1995, Dona Sauerburger, COMS authored this article about Pamela Matheson, an O&M instructor who uses a wheelchair herself.  Dona Sauerburger shares a reprint on her professional site.

Source: Dona Sauerburger

O&M Specialist and innovator Doug Baldwin shares his expertise and wisdom in this eBook.

This article offers ideas on how to teach your child about water and the concept of wetness.

Source: Wonder Baby

Peggy Freeman's comprehensive program of care for parents of babies who are deafblind  with multiple disabilities includes sections on relationships, routines, vision, touch and touching, development of communication, moving/being moved, play, and signing.  Each section offers numerous concrete suggestions for activities to enjoy with your child.

Source: National Center on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

Descriptions of the specialties of eye care professionals: ophthalmologist, optometrist, low vision specialist, optician, and orthoptist; links for locating a specialist.

Source: VisionAware

Chris Strickling outlines the effect of vision loss on different areas of development, including sensory, motor, self-concept, cognition, social skills, and language.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This article defines the role of Orientation and Mobility in the terms of Public Law 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

A simple listing of developmental expectations for orientation and mobility, and environmental supports for reaching these goals.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

A list of travel skills, particularly with public transportation, which can be next-step goals for older children. Also available in Spanish.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Tips for hospital personnel caring for people who are blind or visually impaired; includes suggestions for communication, guiding, and orienting the person to the room.

Source: Blindskills, Inc

This site offers tips, suggestions, and practical advice from experienced travelers who have traveled internationally with their guide dogs.

Source: Mobility International USA

Certification in O&M or TVI is available through Texas Tech University or Stephen F. Austin State University for residents across Texas Coursework blends distance learning technology with face-to-face campus activities.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Certification in O&M or TVI is available through Texas Tech University or Stephen F. Austin State University for residents across Texas  Coursework blends distance learning technology with face-to-face campus activities.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

A collection of video demonstrations of daily living skills, featuring students at the Washington school. Many of these clips are also available as PowerPoint presentations and plain text.

Source: Washington State School for the Blind

Your top questions about congenital blindness and visual impairment in children are answered in short easy-to-read sections, with links to resources and organizations for more information. Also available in Spanish.

Source: Center for Parent Information and Resources

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