Expanded Core Curriculum Resources

The Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) provides a framework for instruction in a specialized set of vision-related skills for students who are blind or visually impaired. While students who are blind or visually impaired are expected to follow the same core curriculum as their sighted peers, there are certain areas in which they need specific instruction because of their vision loss. These areas are referred to as the Expanded Core Curriculum: Compensatory Skills, Orientation and Mobility, Social Interaction, Independent Living, Recreation and Leisure, Sensory Efficiency, Assistive Technology, Career Education, and Self-Determination.

Resources in this area deal specifically with ECC topics and concepts, or with Core Curriculum concerns specific to students who are blind or visually impaired. Additional resources are available in the specific topic areas.

TASH is "an international association of people with disabilities, their family members, other advocates, and professionals fighting for a society in which inclusion of all people in all aspects of society is the norm." Topics on their site include positive behavior support, inclusive education, communication, and community living.

TSBVI shares the revised curriculum approved by the National Agenda Steering Committee.  This document includes complete description of the Expanded Core areas.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

K.C. Dignan provides a comprehensive introduction to the ECC as a chapter in a larger resource for administrators.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This website offers introductory information about the ECC, with sections on each of the 9 areas, as well as activity ideas for each.

Source: TeachingVisuallyImpaired.com

This tip sheet by Cheryl Gannon provides an overview of the core and expanded core curricula, including a look at who is responsible for the implementation of ECC.

Source: NH Professional Development Center for Vision Education

This presentation by Kathleen M. Huebner explores the challenges itinerant teachers face in providing instruction in all of the areas of the Expanded Core Curriculum.  She offers strategies for making the best use of available time. Download of the original PowerPoint presentation is also available here.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

The Legal Framework is a template that summarizes state and federal requirements for special education by topic. The Legal Framework includes an A-Z index, frameworks, a glossary of special education terms and acronyms, links to statutes, citations, websites, guidance and resources. Multiple features are translated into Spanish; however, legal citations reflect English only.

Source: Texas Education Agency

Sandra Lewis of Florida State University authored this position paper proposing functional skills lessons within classroom instruction.

Source: Council for Exceptional Children – Division on Visual Impairments (CECDVI)

This one-page tip sheet identifies key components of best practices, including functional age-appropriate curricula, inclusion, behavior issues, transition planning, and parent involvement.

Source: Nevada Dual Sensory Impairment Project

Kent Moreno lists a protocol for toilet training individuals who have a developmental disability, including data collection, the development of a schedule, cueing, and making the experience in the bathroom a positive one.

Source: Down Syndrome: Health Issues

This information sheet introduces touch cues, including their purpose, examples of their use, considerations, advantages, and disadvantages; available in English and Spanish.

Source: Project SALUTE

Perkins School for the Blind has teamed up with Harvard Extension School to offer a free online course for hiring managers and recruiters who are interested in diversifying their workforce.  The course, which takes 2-3 hours to complete, is designed to teach participants to:

  • Identify potential barriers to employment.
  • Comfortably recruit, interview, and onboard candidates of diverse backgrounds and abilities.
  • Improve workplace accessibility and culture to support candidates with different abilities.

Session 1: Building a Diverse Recruiting Pipeline

This session covers the barriers to employment job seekers with disabilities face throughout the job search process, focusing on the recruitment stage. Mini documentary-style videos will showcase individuals with disabilities leading fulfilling careers and highlight the breadth of jobs that people with disabilities can perform.

Session 2: Acing the Interview

This session covers the pivotal moment of the interview and disclosure from the perspectives of the interviewer and the interviewee in order to better prepare the interviewer and address the potential for biased judgments.

Session 3: Adapting the Workplace

This session will provide information about creating an accessible and inclusive work environment for individuals with disabilities from the physical office layout to adaptive technology.

Session 4: Preparing for Day One

This session will prepare the manager for what to expect on the first day for a new employee with a disability and for the ongoing role of the manager in supervising an employee with a disability. Participants will learn how to create a workplace culture that supports diversity.

For more information, visit:

This webcast, produced in partnership with CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology), outlines the principles of Universal Design for Learning and curriculum reform.

Source: Perkins eLearning, Perkins School for the Blind

A collection of video demonstrations of daily living skills, featuring students at the Washington school. Many of these clips are also available as PowerPoint presentations and plain text.

Source: Washington State School for the Blind

Superintendent Phil Hatlen provided this introduction to the D.V.I. Quarterly in 2004 on core and extended core curricula.

Source: DVI Quarterly, 50(1), 2004. Center for Exceptional Children (CEC)

AFB introduces the Core curriculum concept, and outlines Expanded Core curriculum for blind and visually impaired children and youths.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

Director of Outreach Cyral Miller offers an overview of the Expanded Core Curriculum; available in English and Spanish.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

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