These organizations encourage participation and competition in sports and physical fitness activities by people who are blind or visually impaired.
Sarah K. Bradley "reviews the history of the United States Association of Blind Athletes (USABA), discusses benefits of athletic participation, and provides USABA contact information"; available in English and Spanish.
Web-Based Organizations and Internet Resources
AAHPERD is "the largest organization of professionals supporting and assisting those involved in physical education, leisure, fitness, dance, health promotion, and education and all specialties related to achieving a healthy lifestyle."
"Discovery is dedicated to fostering self-sufficiency in blind and visually impaired children and adults by improving their mobility, confidence, independence, and social skills through involvement in physical activities."
IBSA offers information on specific sports, multimedia presentations, a calendar of international competitions, and links to numerous organizations; available in English and Spanish.
"This site provides information and resources that can enable people with disabilities to become as physically active as they choose to be."
The National Consortium for Physical Education and Recreation for Individuals with Disabilities (NCPERID)
The Consortium provides electronic access to the Adapted Physical Education National Standards (APENS) and information on careers in adapted physical education, as well as downloadable position statements and documents on physical education guidelines for children with disabilities.
NSCD is one of the nation's largest therapeutic recreational organizations. The site provides links and resources, including a list of adaptive programs around the country.
The Special Olympics site includes coaching guidelines for athletes with visual impairments, modifications and adaptations.
USABA provides extensive information on sports adaptations, visual classifications, and the Paralympics games.
New England Regional Organizations
(Formerly Maine Handicapped Skiing) Skiiers will find a description and photographs of different types of adaptations.
Information on adaptive equipment and techniques is displayed here.
This site includes information on adaptive sports, techniques and equipment.
Additional Sports Groups
The "governing body for competitive international sailing for persons who are blind or vision impaired," Blind Sailing International's site offers general racing rules and boat information.
This site informs on all aspects of Beep Baseball, including an equipment list, game rules, a pitcher's guide, and a defense manual. It also features a Beep Baseball Podcast, with news and stories behind the game.
VisionAWARE lists associations serving the recreation needs of people with blindness or low vision; some sites include information on adapted equipment and safety tips.
Responses to common questions about blind horseshoe pitching are here, including information on assistive devices. Related links are also listed.