The Core Curriculum refers to the body of knowledge and skills that is taught to students in school. For children whose only disability is visual impairment, this is generally an academic curriculum, with adaptations. For students with additional disabilities, the curriculum will still be aligned with the general curriculum, but with more significant modifications. Because the basic core curriculum does not include the special skills that students who are blind or visually impaired must be taught, the Expanded Core Curriculum is an essential part of a student's education.
Core Curriculum for Students with Visual Impairments
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Phil Hatlen offers an introduction to the Core Curriculum and Expanded Core Curriculum, including information on the delivery of the core curriculum for blind and visually impaired students.
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
Phil Hatlen defends the right of students who are blind or visually impaired to have different educational needs than their sighted peers.
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
This page provides an introduction to a Core Curriculum, as a foundation for understanding the need for an Expanded Core Curriculum for students who are blind and visually impaired.
Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and Students Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired
The Common Core State Standards
Initiative is a state-led educational effort designed to establish one educational standard for the United States, with learning outcomes defined for English Language Arts and Mathematics, by grade level. The combined efforts of the National Governors Association and the Council of Chief State School Officers prioritized the creation of a common core to "promote equity by ensuring all students, no matter where they live, are well prepared with the skills and knowledge necessary to collaborate and compete with their peers in the United States and abroad" (www.corestandards.org
With funding from the Bill and Melinda gates Foundation, Perkins School for the Blind has launched the Paths to Common Core
project, to enable teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired to share lessons, materials, and resources that will support them in addressing common core standards.
Resources posted here are specific to the Common Core, and the consideration of students with disabilities in teaching to the core curriculum. For material concerning the The Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) for Blind and Visually Impaired Students, Including those with Additional Disabilities, visit the Expanded Core section of this category by clicking here
Paths to Literacy
Paths to Literacy addresses the Core Standards in terms of literacy and learning medium
Future Reflections, Winter 2014. National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
A discussion of Smarter Balanced and Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Career (PARCC) field tests that align with Common Core State Standards.
The Common Core Toolkit for Parents and Families is a collection of materials and resources that will help parents and families understand the New York State Common Core implementation. It is not specifically designed for students with visual impairments.
Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), 2013
The CEC takes an in-depth look at the implications of Common Core in terms of student characteristics, behaviors, and learning strategies.This full-length document is in PDF format.
Web-Based Organizations and Resources
American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. (APH)
APH provides links to resources with information and guidance in implementing the Common Core State Standards.
Perkins eLearning Webinar Series
Tara Mason, TVI, M.Ed explains the elements that make the Common Core State Standards different from previous state standards, and the challenges they present for students with visual impairments.
Download Maryland frameworks in word or PDF for English Language Arts, Mathematics, and Braille/Tactile formatting. For a presentation by members of the the Maryland Braille Task Force on the development of the Maryland Common Core, and its use in other states, see the Perkins eLearning Webinar
Perkins School for the Blind
With funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Paths to Common Core project will enable U.S. teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired to share lessons, materials, and resources that will support them in addressing common core standards.